Pipe spool fabrication or pipe fabrication for short, is one of the industrial construction processes that goes on inside factories to manufacture pipes for industrial uses. In the industry, pipes have a variety of important functions. Pipes can be used as a waste management system to flush out waste from a plant or it can be used along with electrical wirings to provide protection. Whatever it, every industrial construction project will require the use of pipes. Today, we are going to take a closer look into the fabrication of these pipes in the factories as they go along the processes.
Before the whole fabrication process begins, the factory workers must see to it that all the materials needed for pipe fabrication are ready on hand. Materials like the raw pipe, fittings, flanges, valves, etc. Once all the materials are ready in the pipe fabrication shop, the workers can start with the isometric after which it is released to the shop in order to start with the fabrication process.
The beginning of the entire pipe fabrication process involves the main resource which is the raw pipe spool. This must go through the process of cutting in order to trim it down to the right measurements as it is shown in the design of the pipe. After the pipes have been cut down to length, they will have to undergo grinding so that the edges can be smoothed out. In some cases, the pipe fabrication process will involve beveling. After the edges have been smoothed out, the pipe will proceed to fitting.
When they are at the fitting station, the entire pipe will start to be assembled with the use of the other components from the shop like the flanges and valves. When the pieces have been assembled and fit together, the entire setup is already partially secured. Partially due to the fact that it will still have to undergo another process in order to make it even more secure. After fitting the assembled setup will have to go to the welding station where workers can weld the pieces together making them even more stable.
Transporting the assembled setup can be done using a crane which is the case if the pipe is quite heavy. However, if the workers on site can carry the pipe as it doesn’t weight much they can do so.
The process of welding the pipes can be through two different processes. Either the pipes are welded through the roll welding method or it is welded through the position welding method. If the pipe is to be welded using the roll welding method, it will be fit onto a turner which turns and rolls the pipe around at a slow rate allowing the workers to stay in one area but still be able to weld around the pipe. However, if the pipe fabrication calls for a position welding method, especially when the pipe is too large, it will remain stationary and it is the workers who will go around the pipe to weld it.